Neskaupstaður is a fishing town located in Nordurfjordur, one of the small fjords in the eastern part of Iceland. The name comes from an old farm that was called Nes and that was mentioned also in the settlement book. The access to this town was done only by sea until 1949. Now, the town became the largest from Fjardabyggd municipality, with around 1500 inhabitants. The hiking trails from Neskaupstaður nature reserve are well-known for their fauna and bird life diversity. In 1972, Neskaupstaður nature reserve became the first nature reserve in Iceland.