The Icelandic Sheepdog has assisted with guarding and hearding borses, cattle and sheep since settlement.

It was brought to Iceland by viking settlers in the ninth century and is related to Nordic sheepdogs and the British Corgi, but is the only dog breed indigenous to Iceland. The purebread Icelandic Sheepdog was close to extinction in the mid 20th century, but has survived with great care and preservation. The main characteristics are its pricked ears and curled tail, along with its many colours.